50 years of China at the UN: the embodiment of the advocacy for multilateralism for lasting peace

Today marks the 50th anniversary of the restoration of the rightful seat of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) at the United Nations, a historic event that will be solemnly commemorated by the PRC. Fifty years ago, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 2758 by an overwhelming majority at its 26th session on October 25, 1971. The resolution resolved to restore all these rights to China and recognize the representatives of China. his government as the only legitimate representatives of the PRC at the UN. Qiao Guanhua, head of the Chinese delegation to this United Nations General Assembly, laughed at the meeting after the resolution was adopted. This scene has become a classic moment in the history of the United Nations. Qiao was then invited to deliver a speech at the podium of the United Nations General Assembly on November 15, 1971. Fifteen days later, Huang Hua, Permanent Representative of the PRC to the UN, attended for the first time. the meeting of the Security Council. Since then, China and the UN have opened a new chapter.

The restoration of the PRC’s legal seat at the UN is a victory not only for New Chinese diplomacy, but also for justice and fairness in the world, and for the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. . It is of great importance.

The PRC, with its population representing a quarter of the world in 1971, had been excluded from the UN since its inception. It is clear that the UN was incomplete without the participation of China. With China’s return to the family of nations, the United Nations has truly become the most representative and authoritative international organization. It is conducive to the better functioning of the United Nations, which has become more balanced by reflecting the interests and wishes of the majority of the countries of the world.

Chairman Mao Zedong once said vividly that it was our fellow developing countries who “brought” the PRC to the UN. The restoration of China’s legal seat at the UN shows the rise of developing countries. As HE Boukhelfa, the Algerian Ambassador to China, underlined, “China’s reestablishment of its legal seat at the UN is a victory for China and the people of all developing countries”. Since then, the PRC has firmly defended the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, breaking the dominance of the UN by the bipolar. The force for peace and development in the world has become stronger than ever.

Restoring the PRC’s legal seat at the UN preserves China’s national security internationally. He launched the process of integrating China into the post-war international system. To date, China has joined almost all universal international organizations, more than 600 important multilateral international treaties, and the international trading system with the World Trade Organization at its center. It has also become a prelude to China’s reform and opening up.

Over the past 50 years, China has kept its solemn commitment to the Charter of the United Nations and has made significant contributions to the development of the United Nations.

China has never shied away from its financial obligations to the UN. Since 2000, its financial contribution to the UN has continued to increase, making China the second-largest contributor to UN peacekeeping in 2016 and the second-largest contributor to the General Assembly in 2019. In 2021, the China’s contribution represents 12.055% of the UN budget. As the largest contributor of troops among the P5, China has participated in 29 UN peacekeeping missions, sending more than 50,000 people.

China has strongly supported the goals set by the UN. In 2015, China established the China-UN Peace and Development Fund to facilitate the work of the UN and promote multilateral cooperation. As of 2020, a total of China $ 100 million has been injected into the fund, and 95 projects covering issues ranging from peace and security to development have been implemented, which have benefited more than 100 countries and regions in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Oceania. As a pioneer in the field of poverty reduction, China has achieved the goal of eradicating poverty completely. As stated by Rahamtalla Mohamed Osman Elnor, Permanent Representative of the African Union in China, “China has achieved the poverty reduction target of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with 10 years of progress, and it is particularly interesting for Africa to learn from it. “

China proposed a series of new concepts, including a Community of Shared Future for Humanity, which has been incorporated into relevant UN documents. During the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly, President Xi Jinping presented the “Global Development Initiative”, which received warm responses from the international community. “Over the past 50 years, China has actively integrated into the international community and has played a leading role in international politics, economic governance and rule-making,” said a foreign envoy to China. . So far, of the 15 UN specialized agencies, four of them are headed by Chinese Directors General, namely FAO, ITU, UNIDO and ICAO.

At the new historic crossroads, China is committed to building a common destiny for humanity and will continue to do its best to participate in UN affairs. We will defend the status of the UN, promote the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and play the role of defender of world peace, contributor to global development, defender of international order and provider of public goods. .

The UN-centered international system and the fundamental norms of international relations based on the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations are the pillars of multilateralism. We must oppose the use of multilateralism as a pretext by a few countries to impose their own rules on the entire international community. It is important to bridge differences through dialogue and to resolve differences through negotiation.

China will always take the side of fairness by defending sovereign equality and opposing interference in the internal affairs, power politics and hegemony of other countries. China will always take the side of justice by adhering to fairness and impartiality and by opposing geopolitical rivalries and exclusive blocs. China will always stand for peace by advocating a political settlement and opposing the use of force and unilateral sanctions.

China is committed to common prosperity through domestic development. As far as the world is concerned, China defends the concept of “pleasure alone is not as good as everyone else”. We will help build an open global economy and are willing to share our development opportunities with other countries to achieve common global prosperity.

In the face of terrorism, climate change, major public health incidents and major global economic and financial risks, the countries of the world cannot stand alone and must work together to meet these challenges. In the global fight against Covid-19 going forward, as President Xi solemnly announced, Chinese vaccines will become a global public good, and China will commit to ensuring accessibility and affordability of vaccines in developing countries.

Professor Klaus Schwab, founder of the World Economic Forum, said: “China restored its legal seat at the United Nations 50 years ago. Over the next 50 years, together we can build a better, more cooperative, inclusive and resilient world. To meet the expectations of the international community, China stands ready to join forces with other countries around the world to make new and greater efforts to promote human peace and development.

Li Jiming is the Chinese Ambassador to Bangladesh.

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